I am opposed to increasing taxes. These look similar to the examples above, but you can tell that a word like accustomed is an adjective in this case because there is a form of the verb to be. In English, the form V -ing is called a gerund if it serves as a noun. For example, the gerund form of "run" is "running". (I like cats, I like dogs, I like running).
Spelling Rules -ING - English Grammar Games and Notes - Woodward English
Here are some examples: "I can't help thinking about it." "I can't help shopping so much." "I can't help working all the time." "I can't help smiling when I see her." "I can't help eating so much." "I can't help loving you." "I can not help biting my nails when I am nervous." "I can not help smoking when I. The word 'can't' is contraction for 'cannot.' Combined with 'help' you are communicating something you are unable to control or having a hard time gaining a grasp for. This can be a physical or mental action. However, not all V ing forms are gerunds-in "I am running "running" is another verb. This blog post explains that there are a few cases where you use to V -ing : 1) If the to is part of a phrasal verb or verb preposition combination: A phrasal verb is something like "look forward to "confess to etc. Her great dedication to teaching inspires her students. Going through your examples, "I would like to apply what I learned in school to helping make more money" is incorrect, and doesn't fit into any of these categories (hat tip: Karl Knechtel). That is, you are an adjective. 3) If the to is part of a noun preposition combination: For example: His addiction to gambling has caused a lot of stress for his family. In this case, the "to" is part of the verb itself. Some examples are: I am looking forward to attending the party, i am committed to supporting the Linguistics proposal on Area51 2) If the to is part of an adjective preposition combination: For example: A lot of women arent accustomed to being treated so well!