Spatial Order Another principle of organization is spatial order. In this pattern, items are arranged according to their physical position or relationships. In describing a shelf or desk, I might describe items on the left first, then move gradually toward the right. In this kind of essay it is important to decide whether you will be concentrating on similarities or differences. In general, the more similar things are, the more you concentrate on the differences, and vice versa. Spatial order is pretty common in description, but can also apply to examples, to some comparisons, some classifications the southern species of this bird. ; rhinos in Southeast Asia., some narrations meanwhile, out on the prairie, and other forms of exposition as well.
A fter you have narrowed your topic, used the aids to invention, and formulated a thesis, you should have a clear idea about your subject and how you will approach your essay.
Thinking and acting are both harder when things are disorganized. The same principle affects you and me as writers and readers. When things are laid out in some sort of order, we can work with them more easily. I could start by putting all the lawn and garden stuff on the left wall and all the house maintenance stuff on the right wall. Then I could arrange the two sidesmaybe all the big stuff (rakes, mower, ladder, tiller, power saw) closer to the garage door, and smaller stuff nearer to the far wall. Some of these rhetorical modes do imply basic patterns for organizing information. Underlying organizational patterns seem particularly clear in comparison contrast you can look at the online discussion of comparison and contrast to see its basic organizational patterns; in process do this, then do this, then do this; or this happens, then this happens, then this happens; and in cause.